Current support mechanisms
In Estonia the biggest potential for renewable energy lies in cogeneration of electricity and heat from biomass as well as wind energy. Hydroenergy is used in somewhat smaller scale and solar energy’s popularity is increasing rapidly.
The government has regulated the payments of renewable energy charges and subsidies in order to promote and contribute towards broader uptake for production and consumption of renewable energy.
Renewable energy charge
Renewable energy charge is the fee appointed by the government with the aim to support energy production from renewable sources or efficient cogeneration in Estonia. The fee is regulated by the Electricity Market Act
According to the Electricity Market Act, the main grid operator Elering determines the amount of renewable energy fee and publishes it every year on the 1st of December for the new calendar year. See more about the renewable energy charges.
Renewable energy subsidy
According to the Electricity Market Act §59 the subsidies are issued for:
- introducing renewable energy sources;
- increasing efficiency in energy sector;
- securing inland security of supply/capacity sufficiency.
Renewable energy subsidies are paid by main grid operator Elering. See more.
In addition, the renewable energy investment subsidies are paid according to the schedule and resources by: